Botanically, wild and cultivated olive trees (olea silvestris and olea europea) belong to the genus of the fruit trees of the olive tree family.

The wild olive tree is a medium high, evergreen tree. It has dark green and silver spear shaped leaves which are smaller of those of the cultivated trees. It blooms from April to may and its fruit is shiny black with an oblong cone. The wild olive tree is a self-grown tree that when grafted gives us a cultivated olive tree which is also evergreen with dark green ,silver and spear shaped leaves .Its flowers are very small, white with very small petals.

Its fruit consists of the endocarp (pi ),the mesocarp  fles ) and the pericarp (skin). It flourishes in almost every ground and blooms in April (in hotter regions) and from May to June (in colder regions). The root system reaches great depth in the ground in order to moist. It is impressive that its leaves are equipped with little hairs which work like moisture collectors.

After August, the tree begins to store oil in the fruit whereas the harvest for begins in autumn. Harvesting the olive trees is considered to be a hard, cumbersome process. Even in recent years a very old method of harvesting is used by shaking down the fruit with poles which is gathered in nets or other receptacles under the tree.

An other more modern method applied in harvesting  is the use of mechanized vibration.  In thick cash crops ,the harvest of the fruit occurs with special machinery moving on the trees and collecting the fruit automatically.

Finally ,the best season to plant this marvelous tree is from November to December or during February and March.